On 27 July 2012, the Department of Health (DOH) reported that there has been a 16% increase in the incidence of dengue cases versus 2011 figures. In this light, we would like to re-issue the following reminders to the community.
What is Dengue?
It is a disease caused by a virus of the genus flavivirus.
What are the signs and symptoms of dengue?
High continuous fever lasting for 2-7 days, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, body weakness, bleeding tendencies from nose and gums, persistent red spots on the face, extremities and trunks are the most common manifestations of dengue fever.
How can a person be infected with dengue?
If a person is bitten by a female Aedes aegypti mosquito that is infected by the virus, that person may manifest signs and symptoms of the disease.
What are the danger signs of dengue?
Spontaneous bleeding, persistent vomiting, cold and clammy skin, listlessness, weak and rapid pulse, difficulty breathing.
Is there a treatment for dengue?
The management of dengue is directed at specific signs and symptoms. Paracetamol is given for fever; Aspirin should not be given. Sufficient water intake aims to hydrate the patient. If fever or symptoms persists for 2 or more days, the patient should be brought to the hospital.
What is the role of fumigation in the prevention of dengue?
Fogging is used to kill adult mosquitoes infected with the virus, to immediately stop transmission. It will not kill the larvae of mosquitoes which become adults in 7- 8 days.
How can dengue fever be prevented?
- Destruction or elimination of breeding containers, such as: bottles, drums, and used tires, by cleaning clogged gutters, and by turning flower vases upside down every 7 days.
- Spraying the areas with mosquitoes with insecticides.
- Application of insect repellents to the skin when going to places with mosquitoes.
- Use of long-sleeved shirts and long pants during seasons when dengue infection is rampant.
Casa Del Niño is relentlessly doing its part in preventing dengue fever. Measures that CDN is taking include:
- Fumigating the grounds once a month.
- Spraying the classrooms and toilets at least once a day.
- Spraying garden areas twice a month, using a substance that kills insects including mosquitoes that thrive in areas where there are plants.
- Meticulous elimination of all stagnant water.
- Monitoring dengue cases that are reported through the Health Services Office.
- Constant communication with the Department of Health for updates on dengue fever.
Philippine Daily Inquirer, July 27, 2012 issue, page A11